In past Congresses, bills have been introduced to exempt from $10,000 up to the maximum Social Security benefit ($18,432 in 2001) from federal taxation. Like all tax measures, these bills are referred to the House Ways and Means Committee. In 1997, Rep. Bruce Vento (D-MN) introduced HR-372, which would give federal retirees a tax exemption equal to the maximum Social Security retirement benefit. The exemption would be subject to certain income limits. For retirees with incomes above $25,000 for an individual and $32,000 for a couple there would be offsetting provisions to prevent overly generous tax exemptions for those with higher incomes, or who collect both federal and private sector annuities. He re-introduced this bill in the 106th Congress. In the 107th Congress, Representative Robert Bradley has introduced H.R.2462, which is a similar bill. At the present time, there is no companion bill in the Senate.